Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is defined in DSM-III as a dissociative treatment of a year-old woman who was referred to Thigpen and Cleckley. Study Thigpen & Cleckley – A Case of Multiple Personality flashcards from Esme Wishart’s class online, or in Brainscape’s iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster. J Abnorm Psychol. Jan;49(1) A case of multiple personality. THIGPEN CH, CLECKLEY H. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. MeSH terms.

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A case of multiple personality.

A case of multiple personality.

It was decided the Jane was the person most likely to bring a clecjley to the troubled mind, and that her growing dominance over the other personalities to be an appropriate resolution. A web site full of stuff that should be useful. The psychiatrists used a case study method. Weaknesses Case studies only relate to one individual and we have to be od generalising from the findings.

Similarly, after a few hypnotic sessions the therapists could request Eve Black to let them speak to Eve White. She believed that fragmentation of her personality had been to protect herself from things she could not bear. However they were puzzled that Eve White had no memory of a recent trip. During the therapy sessions it became clear that Eve Black had little compassion for Eve White, and could not be persuaded to help with the therapy.

To the therapist it seemed that the usually conventional and retiring Eve White had changed into a carefree mlutiple. The letter concerned her therapy and was written in her usual handwriting, but at the bottom of the page there was a paragraph that aa like a child had written it.

On celckley next visit Eve White denied sending the letter, though she recalled having begun one, which she never finished and thought she had destroyed.


Multiple Personality is not a form of schizophrenia. We have no way of assessing how typical this individual is of other people with multiple personality and therefore we have to ask abd this study is unique to Eve or whether we can generalise it to other cases. Over the next 14 months, during a series of interviews totalling approximately hours, extensive material was obtained about the behaviour and experience clecley Eve White and Eve Black.

I t was possible to make a clear distinction between the readings of Eve Black and the other two personalities. The psychiatrists believed that she had a number of complex, but relatively commonplace marital conflicts and personal frustrations. A postscript to this remarkable story came in the revelation in by Eve that she had experienced many other personalities before the original therapy and after it.

Thigpen and Cleckley were convinced that they had witnessed an example of multiple personality. For example, in this case study, the moment that Eve Black cleck,ey can be seen in a different way to that described by the therapist.

During interviews several emotional difficulties were revealed. Having been able to work with the three personalities for several months the therapists concluded that if Jane could take possession of the personalities the patient would regain full health and find her way to a happy life.

Interestingly, women are more likely to be diagnosed than men. Case studies only relate to one individual and we have to be careful generalising from the findings. The public did not hear anything else about the case until when Eve revealed that she had approximately 22 personalities some of which she experienced before and some after the therapy. However, the diagnosis of MPD is very unreliable. An argument that is gaining popularity is that psychiatrists such as Thigpen and Cleckley are actually creating multiple personality by unwittingly leading their patients into believing that they have the condition.


A case of multiple personality.

The therapists used hypnosis and the thibpen was cleared. A major strength of this case study was that it provides lots of data. Thigpen and Cleckley did recognise this but asserted that the performance could not have continued for so long and so consistently. Eve Black told the therapists about a number of incidents in childhood where she engaged in acts thhigpen mischief or disobedience, which Eve White was unaware of and was punished for.

After Jane appeared the three personalities were given electroencephalogram tests EEG. They also asked independent experts to give a variety of tests including an EEG test, psychometric tests and projective tests.

During this conversation Eve White, as if in pain suddenly put both hands to her head. For the therapist this as a change in her personality, but more objectively it could be explained as a change in his perceptions of her.

Although Thigpen and Cleckley do not point to the cause of MPD, the received wisdom is that MPD is usually a response to child abuse – a way for the individual to protect him or herself.

It contained an in-depth picture producing rich qualitative data e. There are many ethical issues to consider in this study. Case pesronality are particularly useful in revealing the origins of abnormal behaviour.

Rorschach and drawings of human figures by an independent expert with the following results: