The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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Though sometimes misapplied or overprolonged, it helped bridge the gap between tribal systems and the new movements toward democracy and unity. Hearing that his company meant to abandon Uganda because of mounting expenses, he hurriedly returned to England to fight a successful two-pronged campaign to defend, first, the retention of Uganda in addition to imperial annexation and, second, his own reputation against accusations of harshness and injustice.

However, in practice the British turned the chiefs into agents of the colonial administration. In the south were pagan tribes and in the north, historic Muslim city-states with large walled cities whose emirs raided the tribal territories to the south for slaves. No greater contrast could be imagined than that between the vast untamed expanse of Northern Nigeria and the small island of Hong Kong with its highly civilized Chinese and sophisticated commercial British community.

His next enterprise was under the imperial British East Africa Companyone of the chartered companies that preceded imperial annexation in Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This was to become the famous West African Frontier Force.

Governor of Hong Kong — Africans and Britons in the Age of Empires, During his tenure, Lugard proposed to return Weihaiwei to the Chinese government, in return for the ceding of the rented New Territories in perpetuity.

However, the proposal was neither well received nor acted upon. In local governance, they utilized an effective system of taxation and a judicial system based on Islamic lawthe Sharia. Indirect rule as a principle of colonial lugzrd government became the standard policy in most of British Africa. ligard


It was an immense task to unify their administration. He loathed the mandste and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions. His tenure of office also was made more difficult by World War Iwith its interruption of communications, its resultant shortages of staff, and the war with the Germans in the Cameroons along his eastern frontier.

The Administration of Nigeria to Such arrangement in which imperial orders were disguised as those of the chiefs ensured quick compliance by the people. Lugard’s thesis ascribed to imperial Europe a fundamental right to Africa’s “wasted udal of nature,” and also the responsibility of holding them in trust and developing them for the benefit of humankind.

Native Administration in Nigeria. As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

Lugard was commissioned into the 9th Foot East Norfolk Regiment injoining the second battalion in India and serving in the following campaigns:. In Lugard married Flora Shaw, a beautiful and famous woman, herself a great traveler, an authority upon colonial policy, and a member of the staff of The Times of London.

During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention.

Although controversial in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media, the amalgamation did not arouse passion in the rest of the country because the people were unaware duxl the implications. In this work, Lugard outlined the reasons and methods that he recommended for the colonisation of Africa by Britain.

Retrieved 7 December The Adubi War occurred during his governorship.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard – Wikipedia

However, when the company…. In AugustLugard organised the West African Frontier Force and commanded it until the end of Decemberwhen the disputes with France were settled.

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As governor-general of a unified Nigeria, Lugard hoped that the system would work in the southern provinces. It offered a comprehensive evaluation of the nature and challenges of British rule in Africa. The limitations of indirect rule were demonstrated in Southern Nigeria where Lugard extended the system after the amalgamation of northern and southern protectorates in Arounda group of Swahili traders under Dhal bin Kazbadema established trading bases in the north-west sector of Lake Malawiincluding a stockade at Chilumba on the lake from where ivory and slaves could be shipped across the lake.

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Dual Mandate, Africa |

Lugard, chose an emblem to appear on various colonial flags. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. He found the south, especially the sophisticated Africans of Lagos and the southeast, less easy to understand than the northerners, and in he had to deal with a serious outbreak in the important city-state of Abeokuta. According to Lugard, Britain held a dual responsibility in Africa: Under indirect rule, the emir’s allegiance shifted from the caliph to the colonial commissioner.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. It was a concept in which existing African traditional political institutions were preserved and incorporated into the colonial administrative system for local governance.

Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist…. Royal Military College, Sandhurst.